The model for border security in Norway is based on the police having overall responsibility for performing checks on persons at border-crossing points and for ensuring that the surveillance of border sections is carried out. For this task the police have the assistance of military units, both at the land border with Russia and at the outer maritime border. Police carry out control in areas near the border in the territory.

Military units and the Coast Guard assist the police with the performance of surveillance tasks on both land and sea borders. The Customs Service must also be mentioned as responsible for controls of goods at border crossings. The Customs Service also assists the police with checks on persons in cases where this is possible and appropriate at the border-crossing points.