Russia's FSB Border Guard Service Central and Regional Authorities:
Principal Operational Tasks and Administrative Functions

The border guard authorities comprise an integral component of the Federal Security Service (FSB). The administrative supervision of Russian border guard authorities is being exercised by the Russia's FSB Border Guard Service, which is empowered with the following principal tasks:

• ensuring the physical protection and overall security of the Russian Federation state border;
• safeguarding the economic and other legitimate interests of the Russian Federation within
   the areas of border-aligning territory, exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and continental shelf of
   the Russian Federation, as well as protective control over the anadromous fish stock originating
   in the inland waters (rivers) of the Russian Federation.

 

With a view to performing the above-referenced tasks the FSB Border Guard Service is providing for:

• control of the compliance with corresponding legal regimes, specifically, the state border regime, 
   border area regime and the official border-crossing regime;
• performing the border control duties at the official border-crossing points;
• control of the compliance with the corresponding national legislation on inland waters /
   internal maritime area, territorial sea, exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and continental shelf of
   the Russian Federation;
• control in the field of safeguarding maritime biological resources (fisheries enforcement),
   including within the areas of the Sea of Azov and Caspian Sea;
• detection, prevention and suppression of any criminal acts and administrative infringements
   falling under the competence of border guard authorities.

 

Acting in collaboration with other governmental bodies concerned, the FSB Border Guard Service:

• participates in the general safeguarding of specific objects subject to governmental protection,
   located on the state border and within the border area (in coordination with the Russian
   Federation Federal Security Guard Service, FSO);
• takes appropriate measures to combat smuggling activities (in coordination with the Russian
   Federation Federal Customs Control Service, FTS);
• Participates in the search and rescue activities conducted at sea and other basins of water of
   the Russian Federation (in coordination with the Russian Federation Ministry of Civil Defense
   and Emergency Preparedness, Transportation Ministry, Russia's Navy and other
   agencies concerned).

 

In addition to that, the FSB Border Guard Service acts as a chief coordinating authority of all governmental efforts focused on protecting the national interests of the Russian Federation in the border-related sphere.